Outdoor Fountain Engineers Through History

Water feature designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the creator as a imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific specialist. The forces of nature led him to explore the qualities and motion of water, and due to his fascination, he methodically documented his ideas in his now famed notebooks. blu_wwmldg__92946.jpg Brilliant water exhibits full with symbolic meaning and all-natural charm transformed private villa settings when early Italian fountain creators coupled resourcefulness with hydraulic and landscaping skill. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. For the various mansions close to Florence, other fountain developers were well versed in humanistic subjects as well as ancient scientific texts, masterminding the excellent water marbles, water features and water antics.

California's Outdoor Garden Fountain Study and Results

The first implementation of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The purpose is to have everyone drinking more water and other natural drinks by elevating the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was executed to find out the status of local drinking water fountains and whether people from other racial or economical backgrounds had reduced access to them. The research utilized a GPS app to compile data on current water fountains in the city. This info was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. The two data sets were reviewed to identify what class differences, if any, there were in access to operating water fountains. They were able to confirm the demographics of areas surrounding existing fountains, as well as the tidiness and upkeep of fountains across assorted neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were working was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, considering quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

The Original Outdoor Water Fountains of Human History

Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to bring water from canals or springs to towns and villages, providing the residents with clean water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later half of the nineteenth century. Striking and spectacular, big water fountains have been designed as memorials in most civilizations. The common fountains of modern times bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the very first fountain, used for holding water for drinking and religious purposes. Natural stone basins are believed to have been first made use of around 2000 BC. The spray of water emerging from small spouts was pressured by gravity, the only power source creators had in those days. Situated near aqueducts or creeks, the practical public water fountains supplied the local residents with fresh drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration started to show up in Rome in approx. 6 BC, normally gods and wildlife, made with stone or bronze. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

Anglo-Saxon Gardens During the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The talent of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. But nevertheless home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the general population. Castles were more fundamental constructions and often built on blustery hills, where their tenants devoted both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, mostly located in the widest, most fruitful hollows. The tranquil practice of gardening was impractical in these bleak bastions. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most unspoiled model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A significant terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

Keep Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Tidy

It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to function properly. It is easy for foreign objects to find their way into open-air fountains, so keeping it clean is essential. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun combines with still water, algae can develop. To stay clear of this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add directly into the water. Another option is to mix bleach into the water, but this action can hurt wild animals and so should really be avoided.

A thorough cleaning every 3-4 months is best for garden fountains. The first step is to get rid of all the water. When you have done this, wash inside the water reservoir with a mild detergent. A good tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Do not leave any soap deposits in or on the fountain.

Calcium and fresh water organisms can get inside the pump, so you should really disassemble it to get it truly clean. Letting it soak in vinegar for several hours first will make it alot easier to clean. Build-up can be a big problem, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to prevent this dilemma.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you see that the level is depleted. Allowing the water level to get too low can result in damage to the pump - and you certainly do not want that!

Creators of the First Water Features
Frequently working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted people from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci as a imaginative master,... read more
Contemporary Statuary in Early Greece
A good number of sculptors were remunerated by the temples to adorn the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came... read more
The Outdoor Water Features
Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to bring water from rivers or springs to cities and villages, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink,... read more
The Earliest Recorded Fountains of the Historical Past
The water from rivers and other sources was initially supplied to the inhabitants of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not artistic. The force of gravity was the power source of water... read more